Adjudication - a formal judgement on a disputed matter.
Asset - An intangible (electronic) or tangible (physical) item that holds marketable value. Assets can vary in their degree of liquidity, meaning they can be bought or sold either relatively easily or not so much.
Blockchain - A digitized ledger of inalterable transactions spread across an expansive, decentralized computer network which serve to maintain cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin or various altcoins.
Bond - A type of security issued by corporations, governments, and municipalities to raise capital. It usually represents a promise to pay principal & interest at fixed intervals or upon maturity. Corporate bonds can also fail, leaving the holder with nothing.
Bridge Loan - An interim or short-term loan used to finance a deal when funds are briefly unavailable. Usually used during mortgage transactions, where the buyer or seller is awaiting the funds from the sale of a home.
Collateral - An asset (usually a home, vehicle, or guaranteed investments) used by lenders to back a financial agreement in the event of default. Commonly used in loans to secure a better interest rate.
Cryptocurrency - A digital currency utilizing cryptography (blockchain) to perform secure transactions and other functions.